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Jeep Wheel Bolt Pattern, Backspace, Lug Nut Torque Specifications and Terminology

This helpful referecne chart helps you determine Jeep wheel specifications like OEM wheel size, lug pattern metric, and stud size. Learn how to measure bolt pattern, lug nut torque specs, how to measure backspace, and wheel terminology. See our Jeep wheels page for aftermarket rim options available.
Vehicles/Year Ranges O.E.M Wheel Size Lug Pattern Metric Lug Pattern Inches Stud Size Hub/Center Bore
1987-2006 Jeep Wranglers 15"-16" 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 1/2x20 71.5
2007-2016 Jeep Wranglers 17"-18" 5x127mm 5x5in 1/2x20 71.5
1955-1986 Jeep CJ5, CJ7, CJ8 Scrambler 15x6 5x139.7mm 5x5.5in 1/2-RH 108
1993-1998 Jeep Grand Cherokee 15x7 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 1/2-RH 71.5
1999-2010 Jeep Grand Cherokee 16"-20" 5x127mm 5x5in 1/2x20 71.5
2011-2016 Jeep Grand Cherokee 16"-20" 5x127mm 5x5in 14mm x 1.50 71.5
1974-1992 Jeep Cherokee, Commanche, Wagoneer 15x6 6x139.7mm 6x5.5in 7/16-RH 108
1981-2001 Jeep Cherokee, Commanche, Wagoneer 15x6 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 1/2-RH 71.5
1980-1993 Jeep Cherokee, Commanche, Wagoneer 15x6 5X114.3mm 5x4.5in 1/2-RH 71.5
2007-2016 Jeep Compass, Patriot 17"-18" 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 12x1.5 67.1
2007-2016 Jeep Compass, Patriot 16"-17" 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 12x1.5 67.1
2002-2012 Jeep Liberty 16"-18" 5x114.3mm 5x4.5in 1/2x20 71.5
2006-2010 Jeep Commander 17"-18" 5x127mm 5x5in 1/2x20 71.5
Offsets:
H = High Positive or FWD (Front Wheel Drive_ typically +45, 40, 35 offsets
M = Medium Offset or RWD (Rear Wheel Drive) Typically +20 offset
L = Low Offset or RWD (Rear Wheel Drive) Typically 0 offset
Tighten lug nuts in criss-cross pattern
for best equal torque distribution
NOTE: As with all Jeep Wheels wheels, re-torque
lug nuts after the first 25 miles and at 100
mile intervals until lug torque is maintained
The easiest way to measure backspace is to lay the wheel face down onto the ground so the backside of the wheel is facing up. Take a straight edge and lay it diagonally across the inboard flange of the wheel (See image below). Take a tape measure and measure the distance from where the straight edge contacts the inboard flange to the hub mounting pad of the wheel. This measurement is backspace. The above photo shows three wheels with 2",3", & 4" backspace.
  • Bolt Pattern is determined by the number of bolt holes and the bolt circle diameter.
  • Hub Diameter or center bore is the hole at the cente of the wheel.
  • Backspace is the distance from the backside of the wheel mounting pad to the outside of the rim flange.
  • Offset is the distance from the centerline of the wheel to the mounting surface of the wheel.
  • Negative Offset is when the back of the bolt pad is closer to the inside of the wheel; when the mounting surface is inboard of the rim centerline.
  • Positive Offset is when the back of the bolt pad is closer to the street side of the wheel; when the mounting surface is outboard of the rim centerline.
  • Bead-Loc is a device which captures the tire bead between it's flanges, usually secured by bolts to keep tire bead from dismounting alo usually used in dirt circle track or off road applications where low tire pressures are used and hittnig ruts or other vehicles are common.
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